Human disease reservoirs and vectors

Bordetella pertussis (whooping cough) – “no known animal or environmental reservoir” (Mattoo and Cherry 2005 – )

Bordetella bronchiseptica, B. parapertussis, and B. holmesii are “associated with respiratory infections in humans and other mammals” – B. bronchiseptica is “a major cause of kennel cough in dogs”  (Mattoo and Cherry 2005 – )

Polio can infect primates:

Measles: “no animal or environmental reservoir is known to exist” however “Many primate species are susceptible to measles virus infection”

Cholera: aquatic plants, animals, and sediments  (zzoplankton largest known)

“Humans are the only natural reservoir for N. meningitidis.