Poliovirus silently (and not so silently) spreads



Human disease reservoirs and vectors

Bordetella pertussis (whooping cough) – “no known animal or environmental reservoir” (Mattoo and Cherry 2005 – http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1082800/ )

Bordetella bronchiseptica, B. parapertussis, and B. holmesii are “associated with respiratory infections in humans and other mammals” – B. bronchiseptica is “a major cause of kennel cough in dogs”  (Mattoo and Cherry 2005 – http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1082800/ )

Polio can infect primates: http://jid.oxfordjournals.org/content/175/Supplement_1/S286.full.pdf

Measles: “no animal or environmental reservoir is known to exist” however “Many primate species are susceptible to measles virus infection”  http://jid.oxfordjournals.org/content/204/suppl_1/S47.full.pdf+html

Cholera: aquatic plants, animals, and sediments  (zzoplankton largest known)  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1758-2229.2009.00128.x/abstract

“Humans are the only natural reservoir for N. meningitidis.